AfRoots Always

Lisbon’s streets are welcoming a huge ethnic diversification, Africans root is a part of it.
Everyday, new interesting people are joining our adventure to share their wonderful stories
and opinions.
Today,5 warriors from Ghana, Spain, Greece and the United States of America were in. For
never-ending hours of sharing and fun, we finally end our trip late in the night, exhausted but
happy about this experience. That is the spirit of the African Root’s.
Thanks to all of you.
Big moments are also waiting for you, please contact us to book the tour.

Mandela Day

Today, we celebrate one of the greatest characters of the last centuries, an example of fight, a
model of life that everyone should try to follow in order to give a chance to our world to be
more beautiful: Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 th of July 1918 – 5 th of December 2013).
Inspired by one of his quotes “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use
to change the world”, African Lisbon Tour believes into education about history without
taboo. This is the best way to bring this generation and the next ones to the light.
The light of knowledge and respect about the past with the aim of understanding today’s world better.
Slavery, colonization, apartheid, racial segregation… are such subjects that need to be taught.
We hope that decision-makers will stop being satisfied just by making good speeches because
we need actions NOW!
Thank you so much Madiba for your inspiration and for illuminating the world by your
memory and your wisdom.
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Spotted In”Moyi magazine”

Lisbon & Africa own a long history that we are glad to share with you. Your reference tour in
Lisbon about Africa with your guide Naky.
The African Lisbon Tour and its awesome guide Naky are a true reference in Lisbon concerning tourism and the African history.
We have been visited recently by” Moyi Magazine” from Belgium, they kindly confirmed in
their publication our reputation to awaken the history and enjoy the present.
Thank you to Jeanne Mercier & Baptiste de Ville d’Avray and the whole team of” Moyi
Magazine” for their wonderful work.
If you are curious to know what we are made of, contact us, we will answer all your question
and bring you a lot of knowledge!
Check the link below to check Moyi Magazine’s article.
MOYI2_FR_Lisbonne_feature 

When Lonely Planet Traveller Magazine Talks about us

African Lisbon Tour would like to thank Lonely Planet Traveller Magazine from UK for
their interest and their collaboration.
As you may know, Lonely Planet Traveller Magazine is really well known across the world
concerning tourism and culture, we have been lucky to be visited by them for an incredible
moment of sharing and partnership.
Lonely Planet Traveller Magazine brings you incredible stories about the world’s most exciting destinations and new experiences.
African Lisbon Tour is present in their new publication of April 2017.
Check it for your next trip and you’ll be interested to book with us for sureIMG-20170326-WA0003

Read for you-William & Ellen Craft

For sheer creativity and daring, few slave escapes can match the 1848 getaway masterminded by William Craft (September 25, 1824 – January 29, 1900) and Ellen Craft (1826–1891) . The two had married in Macon, Georgia, in 1846, but were held in slavery by different masters. Terrified of being separated, they devised an ingenious plan to flee the Deep South for Philadelphia. The light-skinned Ellen cut her hair short, dressed herself in men’s clothing and wrapped her head in bandages to pose as an injured white man. William, meanwhile, assumed the role of her loyal black manservant. On December 21, 1848, the Crafts donned their disguises and boarded a train to begin the long journey North. The scheme seemed doomed from the very start after Ellen found herself sitting next to a close friend of her master, but her elaborate costume prevented her from being recognized.

craft_ellen_william
Ellen & William Craft, fugitive slaves & abolitionists

 

The Crafts spent the next several days traveling by train and steamer through the South, lodging in fine hotels and rubbing elbows with upper class whites to maintain their cover. Since she could not read or write, Ellen placed her arm in a sling to avoid signing tickets and papers, but her ruse was nearly found out when a Charleston steamer clerk refused to sell the pair their tickets without a signature. Luckily for the Crafts, the captain of their previous ship happened to pass by and agreed to sign for her. The Crafts arrived in Philadelphia on Christmas Day and were sheltered by abolitionists before continuing on to Boston. Fearing slave hunters, the couple later set sail for England.

They lived there for nearly two decades and reared five children. The Crafts lectured publicly about their escape. In 1860 they published a written account, Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom; Or, The Escape of William and Ellen Craft from Slavery. One of the most compelling of the many slave narratives published before the American Civil War, their book reached wide audiences in Great Britain and the United States. After their return to the US in 1868, the Crafts opened an agricultural school for freedmen‘s children in Georgia. They worked at the school and its farm until 1890. Their account was reprinted in the United States in 1999, with both the Crafts credited as authors, and it is available online at Project Gutenberg and the University of Virginia.

Read for you-Harriet Jacobs

Harriet Ann Jacobs (February 11, 1813 – March 7, 1897) was an African-American writer who escaped from slavery and was later freed.
 
For Harriet Jacobs, escaping slavery meant hiding for several years in a prison of her own devising. Born a slave in North Carolina, Jacobs spent her teenage years living in fear of a cruel master James Norcom who refused to let her marry and made repeated and increasingly brutal sexual advances toward her. When the harassment continued even after Jacobs had two children by another man, she resolved to make a break for freedom.
Hoping to escape the attentions of James Norcom, Jacobs took Samuel Sawyer, a free white lawyer, as a consensual lover. Sawyer was later elected as a member of the US House of Representatives. With Sawyer, she had two children, Joseph and Louisa. Because she was enslaved, their biracial children were born into slavery and Norcom was their master. Harriet later wrote that Norcom threatened to sell her children if she refused his sexual advances, but she continued to evade him.
list-famous-slave-escapes-harriet-jacobs-eIn 1835, she fled her plantation and briefly hid in some friends’ houses. Knowing her chances of making it to the North were slim, she eventually holed up in a small attic crawlspace in her grandmother’s home. The rat-infested room was tiny—only nine feet long and seven feet wide, with a sloping ceiling that never reached higher than three feet—and Jacobs later wrote that it offered “no admission for either light or air.” Nevertheless, she would spend an astonishing seven years living in the coffin-like space, watching her children play in the yard through a small peephole and only leaving for brief periods of nighttime exercise.


 
Jacobs finally made her escape to the North in 1842, after a friend helped her secure passage on a boat bound for Philadelphia. From there, she proceeded by train to New York and reunited with family members. She spent the next few years working in New York and Boston, but remained wary of being captured by her former master until friends helped arrange her purchase and manumission. Jacobs later became an influential abolitionist and published a searing account of her ordeal called “Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl.”
 

Henry the black

Enrique of Malacca was a native of the Malay Archipelago. Also known as Henry the Black, he was Ferdinand Magellan’s personal servant and interpreter. He had been reportedly captured by Sumatran slavers from his home islands.
In 1511 he was purchased by Ferdinand Magellan in a Malaccan slave market and baptized as Henrique (spanish Enrique), (his original name is not recorded). Thereafter he worked as a personal slave and interpreter, accompanying Magellan back to Europe, and onwards on Magellan’s famous search for a westward passage to the Pacific Ocean.
He is simply called Enrique on the ship’s muster roll, and Henrich in Pigafetta’s account of the expedition. If a loose definition of circumnavigation (ie, not returning to the exact same spot), then Enrique has an undisputed claim to being the first circumnavigator. He made the first known cultural circumnavigation, travelling around the world until he reached people who spoke his language. He (and Magellan) may also have crossed every meridian — that is he crossed every line of longitude, or circumnavigated the poles.

Gaspar Yanga and Blacks in Mexico:1570 African Slave Revolt in Veracruz

The heritage of Africans in Mexico after Christopher Columbus is a rarely explored topic in the history books of the Americas. Gaspar Yanga is one of the neglected figures within African history in the Americas. He was the founder of the town Yanga, located in the Veracruz region of Mexico, between the Port of Veracruz and Córdoba. It is among the first free African settlements in the Americas after the start of the European slave trade.
While the available official reports regarding the history of Gaspar Yanga is sorely lacking, local lore reports that Yanga escaped slavery from the region of the Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion plantation in 1570. Regional lore also provides that Yanga was a prince stolen from a royal family of Gabon, Africa. The word “Yanga” has origins in many regions of West and Central Africa, including the Yoruba regions in Nigeria where the word means “pride”.
Between 1570 and 1609, Yanga led his followers into the mountains located in the vicinity of Pico de Orizaba (Citlaltépetl, or “star mountain”, the highest mountain in Mexico), the Cofre de Perote, Zongolica and Olmec regions. The Olmec controlled this region during its empire over the region (1200 BC to 400 BC), which included the jurisdiction of the current nation of Mexico.
By 1600, it is reported that the Yanga maroon settlement, or palenques, was joined by Francisco de la Matosa and his group of African maroons. All of this occurred before the independence of Mexico from the Spanish crown.
Yanga’s early palenques would turn into decades-long resistance against colonial Spain. In 1609, Spain’s viceroy of New Spain (the colonial name of Mexico) was Luis de Velasco, Marquis of Salinas. That year, Velasco sent Captain Pedro González on a military expedition against the Yanga palenques. The battle came to a head at the Rio Blanco and resulted in major losses on both sides.
By 1631, viceroy of New Spain Rodrigo Pacheco began negotiations with the Gaspar Yanga resistance. Yanga struck an agreement with the colonial leader respecting Spain’s recognition of an autonomous region for the African community. The first official name was San Lorenzo de los Negros (aka San Lorenzo de Cerralvo), near Córdova. Since 1932, the Mexican town has bore the name of its liberator Gaspar Yanga.
”Yanga is important to the people of Mexico and America,” said Gordillo Jaime Trujullo, who along with his wife Maria Dolores Flores promotes the town’s history. “It is a great deal and has not been taken into account. This town is the birthplace of freedom. The most important legacy of black Yanga is freedom. Freedom is what we appreciate most in this community.”
Like his birth, no definitive records are available regarding Yanga’s date of death. There is said to be a great deal of information in the national archives of Mexico and the archives of Spain, according to historian and anthropologist Antonio García de León. The first information about Yanga arose in the second half of the nineteenth century by the historian and military-man Vicente Riva Palacio, grandson of Mexico’s first black president, Vicente Guerrero.

JOHN BROWN (1800-1859)

John Brown, radical antislave, abolitionist who believed armed insurrection was the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States.
Traumatized from his childhood to have attended violence imposed on a slave, he dedicated his life to the abolitionist cause after the murder, in 1837, of a friend who shared his ideas.
In 1847, having met Frederick Douglass, Brown got closer to the Afro-American community and lived in a farm of the State of New York.
From 1855, Brown, helped by his 5 sons, opted for violent action and settled in Kansas, then embryonic State (created in 1854) where there were a lot of  French slavers refugees of Santo Domingo.
The partisans and the opponents of the slavery had come to the armed struggle (the law there being vague on the question).
The slavers , the Border Ruffians coming from Missouri raised an armed militia.
Brown and his sons fought them.
In May 1856, in Pottawatomie Creek, Brown and his supporters killed five pro-slavery supporters in the Pottawatomie massacre in response to the sacking of Lawrence sacking of Lawrence by pro-slavery forces.
The same year, during the battle of Osawatomie, Brown defends a village against 400 assaillants.
On October 16th, 1859, Brown tries to raise the slaves of Virginia and takes control of the federal arsenal of Harps Ferry (West Virginia) to supply them weapons.
But it is a failure because no slave moves. Encircled by Marines and hurt, Brown is taken, sentenced to death and hung on December 2nd, 1859 in Charles Town (Virginia).
The execution of John Brown had a big echo and contributed to reunite the world opinion in the abolitionist movement.
Although Lincoln made nothing to prevent the execution of Brown which he considered as a terrorist and a visionary, the famous song John Brown Body became the hymn of the nordist armies during the American Civil War.
 
 
 

One step from England to Lisbon

Doing something different from a classic tour and leaving with one of the best souvenirs of
the trip is the reason why Letitia decided to take our tour.
An atypic tour that brings you to the past and the present and allows you to understand better the WHY of the racial composition of Lisbon’s population which is a true melting pot made of many Europeans and Africans.
We love to share with you culture and spread knowledge with you, do not hesitate to book our
tour, we are waiting for you !img_20161022_135752-2